Kindergarten students are able to perform the eight basic locomotor steps going forward and in other directions. They respond to changes in tempo and start to understand note value. They make shapes alone and with partners using levels, focus, prepositional words, and directions. They understand energy qualities such as percussive and sustained, collapse and explode. They are demonstrate the partner skills of copying, leading, following, and mirroring. They dance in response to books, poems, music, and with a variety of props. They learn a few simple folk dances and learn about Isadora Duncan and her contribution to dance. The basic positions from first to third are also practiced.